Saturday, October 24, 2015


If anybody from EFS 3 Would like to practise listening, there are several files on the blog that can help you..

Just search EFS 3 Listening...

EFS3 Page 66 Reading answers

Do Carrots Help you see in the dark?

A-2 B -1 C-3

3. 1. Older people
3.2 Vegetables contain substances that are important in the protection of our eyesight.
3.3 Causes loss of clear sharp vision
3.4 a group of women between the ages of 50-79 had their consumption of coloured vegetables monitored over a period of 15 years/

Wednesday, August 12, 2015

Monday, July 13, 2015

Notes- EFS 3. EFS 1

Firstly, sorry to the EFS 1 students. I forgot to take the book home with me on the weekend and haven't had time to post the answers for you. I will try and do this tomorrow afternoon.

Secondly, EFS 3 Students. I have posted the answers to today's work and the listening and answers below. If you have problems with the files, please let me know and I will try and fix them


Listening page 94 EFS 3 Nature interview

Here is the listening for page 94 in the book

Here are the answers

I'm sorry I don't have a transcript to post.


Here are the answers to pages 92-93 in the booklet.

Friday, July 3, 2015

EFS1- Answers to pages 46-50

Hello, welcome to EFS 1. If you have questions, you can email me...


 We use past simple to talk about actions that happened and have now finished
We use used to/would to talk about repeated events and actions in the past
We use used to to talk about repeated states in the past. You can't use would for this.

If you always use 'used to' to describe repeated things in the past, you can usually get the grammar right.

used to + basic form of the verb
Would + basic form of the verb

Look out for how the word 'but' is used to link sentences in some of these examples..

past simple and used to- Answers for page 46

1. She didn't use to smoke
2. She used to live in Chicago
3. She didn't use to have money
4. She didn't use to eat meat

Mariah Carey
Mariah Carey was born on March 27 1970 near Long Island New York. When she was three years old , her parents got divorced and she was brought up by her mother, an opera singer. I was also around this time that Mariah discovered her love of music.
Mariah claims that she wasn't a very good student at school. At night she used to/would sing for her brother's band and used to/would miss school the next day. She made her first recording in a studio her friend worked for, but they could only record at night.
Just days after she finished school, Mariah moved to New York City where she got several casual jobs. Before long she started singing with pop star Brenda K Starr. It was at a party with Starr in the late eighties that Mariah met with record company executives and gave one of them a tape of her songs. The rest is music history!

Used to and Would.- Page 47
1. A retired businessman
2. A former marathon champion
3. a former night worker
4. a dieter
We used to live in a small flat but last year we bought a house.
He used to/would spend a lot of money on the cinema, but now he only buys computer games.
Peter and John used to be best friends but then they fell in love with the same girl.
My primary school teachers didn't use to/wouldn't  give us any homework but they used to/would teach us a lot in class.
Mr Smith used to /would watch TV all day before he lost his sight.
I  didn't used to like seafood but now I just love it.
Harrison Ford used to accept the most peculiar jobs before he became an actor.

Page 49 Answers. Past Simple Passive
b. were bought.
c. was launched
d. were given
e. was filled
f. was held
g. were seen
h .was known
i. were worn
j. was murdered
k. was attended
l . was comforted.

My Ambition- answers
3 be
4. -
5. -
6. of
7. -
8. to
9. more
10. that
11. a
12. -

Page 50.
1. used to / would play
2. used to/ would  tell
3.used to / would sing
4. used to/ would play
5. used to love
6. used to /would help
7. asked
8. used to/would

William- actor, Justin- singer, Tessa- teacher , Lizzie -scientist

Sunday, May 17, 2015

EFS 2 Listening- negotiating for Success, page 145

Here  is the listening for this activity

Here are the answers

Because this is a WMA file, you have to down load it and play it using Windows Media player.


Thursday, May 14, 2015

Tuesday, May 12, 2015

Requests for EFS 2 and EFS 3


 If anybody has any requests for practice exercises, please let me know . I'm happy to have a look for listening, reading and writing practice material.

Please also advise me if there are any problems with the EFS 3 Listening uploads I've done tonight.


EFS 3 Listening.

Oceans - Listening

Oceans- Questions

Oceans- Answers

EFS3 Listening - Wind Farms

Here is the listening for EFS 3 Wind Farms

Here are the questions.

Here are the answers

Wednesday, April 29, 2015

Thursday, April 23, 2015

Listening EFS 2 Communication pp 28-33

This is the listening for pages 28-33 in the EFS 2 booklet.

There 's a lot.

part 8.1










Hopefully these links work. If not please send me an email

Listening EFS 2- Facts and Figures

Here is the listening for page 41 Australia in facts and figures from the EFS 2 Booklet

Sunday, April 19, 2015

Modal Verbs in essays.

It is traditional to use modal verbs in English language essay writing. So it is very useful to be able to use them correctly.

I found this website has a simple, yet easy to understand explanation.

The key point is that after a modal verb, the simple form of the verb is used.

For example,

I can do the washing tomorrow.

After 'can' the verb is 'do' not 'to do'

Another example.

I should work on my assignment tonight.

After 'should' comes 'work' not 'to work.'

Hope that helps.

Friday, April 17, 2015

Speaking practice

A student was asking me about speaking practice and I found this on the SITEC facebook page, which everybody should go and like BTW

Friday, April 10, 2015

Cause and Effect Essay

Some notes from the class on Cause and effect essays yesterday.

There are two possible structures of a cause and effect essay.




Yesterday we used the second structure to write an essay .

Below is an example of a cause and effect essay based on the first structure. This essay is about Obesity and you can see it here.

We also talked about linking words for cause and effect. A list of some linking words is here

Thursday, April 2, 2015

A short guide to writing essays.

Hello lovely students, past, present and future...

I have spent the day writing this brief summary of everything you need to know about academic writing.

Please have a look at it and tell me what you think.

Can you understand it? Does it make sense? What else do you need to know?

You can read it as a pdf here.

Formal language

I know most of my students have done this activity. Find better words for the words in this list.

Excellent writing site from the University of Sydney

This website is an overview of what is required for academic writing. The section on grammar is particularly good

Friday, March 27, 2015

Updates- March 28 2015


I've updated the blog with some listening practice for EFS2, Please let me know if there are problems with the links.

Thanks and happy listening


EFS 2 Listening- Extend the topic. Page 83

Here is the listening for page 83- Extend the Topic

Here are the answers

Opportunity Cost-Listening EFS2

This is the listening for Opportunity Costs pages 81-82 in the course book.

These are the answers.

East meets West Listening for EFS2

This is the listening for East Meets West- page 45 in the EFS2 booklet

These are the answers

Wednesday, March 18, 2015

Good site for writing from Flinder's university

Some notes on the EFS2 assignment

Basically the report should consist of

1. An introduction

2. A discussion of the method

3. A discussion of the results you found from the survey

4. A conclusion

The total report is 500 words. Most of the report will be a discussion of the results and graphs which you made from the results.

So a suggested word count might be

1. Introduction- 75 - 100 words
2 Method - 75-100 words
3 Results- 100-250 words
4. Conclusion- 75-100 words

1. The introduction

The post below is an example of an introduction for the report on your survey.

Sentence 1- a general statement about the topic

Sentences 2 and 3- background information about the topic

Sentence 4- The purpose or aim of the survey (basically the title)

Sentence 5- talks about your survey and includes some of the questions you asked.

Sentence 6- is about the structure of the report.

This is an example, you don't have to follow it exactly, but it may help in writing your introduction.

EFS2- Model introduction for the assignment

(1)Bread is part of the staple diet of most Australians.(2) In spite of this, there are many bakeries and supermarkets selling low quality, unhealthy bread. (3)There seems to be a need       for a new, good quality bakery. (4) The purpose of this report is to provide information for a new bakery to ensure its success. (5)This information includes what people want in a local bakery, how much they are willing to spend, why they will use a bakery instead of a supermarket and the type of bread they prefer. (6) The report includes a description of the survey method, a discussion of the results and finally some conclusions about the type of bakery that would be successful.

      (1)   = general statement

(2)    and (3) = background information

     (4)   = purpose of the text

(5) and (6) = overview

Tuesday, January 27, 2015

EFS 1 Listening- Some Dangerous Animals

This is quite a difficult listening task so you may have to listen to it a few times...

Here is the listening for Some Dangerous Animals on page 138 of the coursebook

Some Dangerous Animals


Friday, January 23, 2015

Have I forgotten anything?

Please let me know if I have forgotten to post anything I promised to post- or if you want answers for any activities in the course booklet...

Just email me

ENIAC Listening and Answers

These are links to the listening and the answers to the activity about ENIAC- the electronic brain, the handout I gave to  EFS1C on Friday afternoon.

Please let me know if there are problems with either the listening or the answers.

This is the listening for first activity. Circle the word you hear.

This is the lecture for the other activities


Apologies for being a little late with this..